Wednesday 8 February 2012


வருமான வரிக் கணக்கு - உங்களுக்குத் தெரியுமா?

வருமான வரிக் கணக்கு குறித்த விபரங்களைத் தெரிந்து கொள்ள வேண்டும்
என்று பல தோழர்கள்  தொலை பேசியிலும் நேரிலும்  கேட்டு வந்தனர். எனவே
அரசுப் பணியில் ஊதியம்  வாங்கும் ஊழியர்களுக்கு தேவையான முக்கிய
விபரங்களை மட்டும் கீழே தருகிறோம்.  இது ஒரு சிறிய முயற்சி தான் .

standard deduction Rs.180000 + Savings 100000 + HRA + investment in Infrastructure bond upto
Rs.20000+ Premium paid in health Insurnce upto Rs.15000 +Medical Expenses upto Rs.40000 +
Donations paid to Charities etc.etc.  என்று எத்தனையோ விதங்களில் உங்கள் செலவுக்  
கணக்கை DDO  விடம் அளித்து  நீங்கள் TDS  பிடித்தத்தில்  இருந்து விலக்குப்
பெறலாம் .  அப்படியே TDS  பிடிப்பதாயிருந்தாலும்  குறைந்த அளவிலேயே
உங்களின் சம்பளத்தில் வருமான வரி பிடிக்கப் படும். சரிதானே ?
இனி நாம் முயற்சி செய்து  பார்க்க லாமா  ?  உங்கள் கோட்டத்தில் உள்ள இதர
தோழர்களுக்கும் தோழியர்களுக்கும் தெரிவிக்கலாமா ?

                        (ASSESSMENT YEAR 2012-13)
Notification No. 36/2011 F. NO. 142/09/2011 (TPL), Dated 23-6-2011 issued
by Income tax department exempts Tax payers in the salaried class from
filing Income tax return if the tax payer's salary income and interest received
from bank not exceeding Rs.10,000/- both put together did not exceed Rs.5,00,000
during the financial year 2011-12 (Assessment year 2012-13).

As per the Finance Act, 2011, income-tax is required to be deducted under Section
192 of the Income-tax Act 1961 from income chargeable under the head "Salaries"
for the financial year 2011-2012 (i.e. Assessment Year 2012-2013) at the following


                              A. Normal Rates of tax:

1. Where the total income does not                                                         Nil
exceed Rs. 1,80,000/-. 
2. Where the total income exceeds                                              10 per cent of the
Rs. 1,80,000 but does not exceed                                                amount by which the
Rs. 5,00,000/-.                                                                            total income exceeds
                                                                                                    Rs. 1,80,000/-

3. Where the total income exceeds                                               Rs. 32,000/- plus 20
Rs. 5,00,000/- but does not exceed                                             per cent of the amount
Rs. 8,00,000/-.                                                                            by which the total
                                                                                                    income exceeds
                                                                                                    Rs. 5,00,000/-.

4. Where the total income exceeds                                               Rs. 92,000/- plus 30
Rs. 8,00,000/-.                                                                            per cent of the amount by                  
                                                                                                    which the total income
                            exceeds Rs. 8,00,000/-.

B. Rates of tax for a woman, resident in India and below sixty years of age at any time
during the financial year:

1. Where the total income does not                                                                Nil
exceed Rs. 1,90,000/-.

2. Where the total income exceeds                                               10 per cent, of the
Rs. 1,90,000 but does not exceed                                                 amount by which the
Rs. 5,00,000/-.                                                                             total income exceeds
                                                                                                     Rs. 1,90,000/-

3. Where the total income exceeds                                                Rs. 31,000/- plus 20
Rs. 5,00,000/- but does not                                                          per cent of the
exceed Rs. 8,00,000/-.                                                                  amount by which the
                                                                                                      total income exceeds
                                                                                                      Rs. 5,00,000/-.

4. Where the total income exceeds                                                 Rs. 91,000/- plus 30
Rs. 8,00,000/-.                                                                               per cent of the
                                                                                                       amount by which the
                                           total income exceeds
                                                                                                       Rs. 8,00,000/-.
As per the explanations given in the Income tax Act
“Salary” includes dearness allowance, if the terms of employment so provide, but
excludes all other allowances and perquisites.

 “As per explanation given under Rule 3 of IT Rules which clearly stipulates that ”
salary includes the pay, allowances, bonus payable monthly or otherwise but
does not include the following viz., :- (i) Dearness Allowance or Dearness pay
unless it enters into the computation of superannuation or retirement benefits
of the assessee concerned ”

As per our extant Pension Rules 1972 pay plus DP will only form part for
the retirement benefits. Whereas in the New Pension Scheme it is otherwise
(i.e) 10% of pay + DA + DP is the subscription by the employee and contribution
by the employer.

New in Income tax  details  for  2011-12 (Assessment Year 2012-13)
Contribution to New Pension System (NPS) by employer (in the case of government employee it is 10% of pay in pay band and grade pay) is to be included in the income like we did in the previous years. However, in order to encourage investments in NPS, this amount has been exempted from payment of any Income tax. In other words, while the entire Contribution to NPS to the employee has to be included in the income of employee, the same to the extent of 10% of salary can be deducted from the income. Hence, in the case of a Government Employee, 100% of Government Contribution to NPS is exempted..
Savings/Deductions under Chapter VI-A:
  • Section 80C (Amount paid towards life insurance premium, contributions in GPF, CPF, PPF, NPS, NSS etc, tuition fees, payment, Housing Loan principal repayment)
  • Section 80CCC (Deduction in respect of contributions to certain pension funds)
  • Section 80CCD (Deduction in respect of contributions to pension scheme of Central Government)
Note: Section 80CCE restricts aggregate amount of deduction under section 80C, 80CCC
and 80CCD to one lakh rupees). The subscribers in New Pension Scheme (NPS) are
allowed to deduct the entire government contribution in NPS without any ceiling.
In the last year (financial year 2010-11) Government contribution in NPS was also subjected
to Rs. one lakh restriction under Section 80 CCE.
  • Deductions under Sec. 80D for Health Insurance of parents. (Max. Rs. 20,000/- if parents are Senior Citizen, otherwise Rs. 15,000/-).
  • Section 80DD (Deduction in respect of maintenance including medical treatment of dependent who is a person with disability- Maximum amount- Rs. 1 lakh)
  • Section 80DDB (Deduction in respect of medical treatment. Maximum amount – Rs.40,000)
  • Section 80E (Deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for higher education)
  • Section 80G (Deduction in respect of donations to certain funds, charitable institutions, etc.)
  • Section 80GG (Deduction in respect of rents paid subject to ceiling if HRA not received)
  • Section 80GGA (Deduction in respect of certain donations for scientific research or rural development)
  • Section 80GGC (Deduction in respect of contributions given by any person to political parties)
  • Section 80U (Deduction in case of a person with disability-An amount of Rs.50,000 and Rs. 1 lakh in the case of self is physically disabled and severely physically disabled respectively)
Other aspects of HRA :

In the case of employee residing in his own house, is the HRA exempt from Tax ?
No. As he is not paying any rent, so exemption from tax with regard to H.R.A. is
restricted to ‘Nil’.

Should Rent receipt compulsorily be given to DDO ?
No. salaried employees drawing house rent allowance upto Rs.3,000 pm will be
exempted from giving rent receipt to DDO. But in the regular assessment
of the employee, the Assessing Officer is free to make enquiry or request proof
of payment of rent by assessee.

The exemption from tax with regard to HRA is restricted to the least of
the following amounts:-

(i) Actual amount of  H.R.A.
(ii) The amount by which actual rent paid by the employee exceeds 10% of his salary;
(iii) 50% of salary if the rented house is situated at Delhi, Bombay, Kolkata or Chennai, or
40% of the salary in the case of other cities.
A new section 80CCF has been inserted by the Finance Act, 2010, wef
01.04.2011. The section 80CCF provides for deduction available to an
individual or a HUF, the whole of the amount, to the extent such
amount does not exceed Rs 20,000, paid or deposited during financial
year 2010-11, as subscription to long-term infrastructure bonds as
notified by the Central Govt for the purpose of this section.
(Board Notification no 48/2010 dated 09.09.2010)

Deduction under this section can not exceed Rs 20,000 and are available only for
current financial year 2011-12. The deduction under this section will be in addition
to overall limit of deduction of upto Rs one lakh under section 80C, 80CCC and
sub section (1) of Section 80 CCD.

1 comment:

  1. why not the calculation table be published so as to assess our own tax?